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Powers & Functions

As per Section 13(1) of the CPCR Act, 2005:

Functions of the Commission:-

The Commission shall perform all or any of the following functions, namely:

  1. To examine and review the safeguards provided by or under any law for the time being in force for the Protection of Child Rights and recommend measures for their effective implementation;
  2. Present to the State Government annually and at such other interval, as the Commission may deem fit, the reports upon the working of those safeguards;
  3. To inquire into the cases of violation of Child Rights and to recommend the authorities concerned to take action.
  4. To examine all factors that inhibit the enjoyment of Rights of children affected by terrorism, communal violence, riots, natural disaster, domestic violence, HIV/AIDS, trafficking, maltreatment, torture and exploitation, pornography and prostitution and recommend appropriate remedial measures.
  5. Look into the matters related to children in need of special Care and Protection including children in distress, marginalized and disadvantaged children, children in Conflict with Law, children without family and children of prisoners and recommend appropriate remedial measures;
  6. Study treaties and other international instruments and undertake periodical review of existing policies, programmes and other activities on Child Rights and make recommendations for their effective implementation in the best interest of children;
  7. Undertake and promote research in the field of Child Rights;
  8. Spread Child Rights Literacy among various sections of the society and promote awareness of the safeguards available for protection of these rights through publications, media, seminars and other available means;
  9. Inspect or cause to be inspected any juvenile custodial home, or any other place of residence or institution meant for children, under the control of the Central Government or State Government or any other authority, detained or lodged for the purpose of treatment, reformation or protection and take up with these authorities for remedial action, if found necessary;

To inquire into complaints and take suo moto notice of matters relating to:-

  1. Deprivation and violation of Child Rights;
  2. Non-implementation of laws providing for protection and development of children;
  • Non-compliance of policy decision guidelines or instructions aimed at mitigating hardships to and ensuring welfare of the children and to provide relief to such children, or take up the issues arising out of such matters with appropriate authorities.
  1. Such other functions as it may consider necessary for the promotion of Child Rights and any other matter incidental to the above functions.

(2) The Commission shall not inquire into any matter which is pending before a State Commission or any other Commission duly constituted under any law for the time being in force.

Powers relating to inquiries

As per Section 14(1) of the CPCR Act, 2005:

  • The Commission shall while inquiring into any matter, have all the powers of a Civil Court trying a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 and, in particular, in respect of the following matters namely:
  1. Summoning and enforcing the attendance of any person and examining him/her on oath.
  2. Discovering and production of any document;
  3. Receiving evidence on affidavits;
  4. Requisitioning any public record or copy thereof from any court or office; and
  5. Issuing commissions for the examination of witnesses or documents;
  • The Commission shall have powers to forward any case to a Magistrate having jurisdiction to try the same and the Magistrate to whom any such case is forwarded shall proceed to hear the complaint against the accused as if the case has been forwarded to him under Section 346 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974).

Steps after inquiry

On completion of inquiry conducted under this Act, the Commission may take any of the following steps namely:

  1. where the inquiry discloses the Commission of violation of Child Rights of a serious nature or contravention of provisions of any law for the time being in force, it may recommend to the concerned authority or the Government to initiate of proceedings for prosecution or such other action as the Commission may deem fit against the concerned person or persons;
  2. approach the Supreme Court or the High Court concerned for such directions, orders or writs as that Court may deem necessary;
  3. to recommend to the concerned authority or the Government for grant of interim relief to the victim(s) or the members of his family as the Commission may consider necessary.